Sdg Agreement

Its 193 member states and global civil society participated in the UN-led process. The resolution is a comprehensive intergovernmental agreement that serves as a post-2015 development agenda. The SDGs are based on the principles of Inresolution A/RES/66/288, entitled „The Future We Want.“ [122] This was a non-binding document published following the 2012 Rio-20 conference. [122] The SDGs coincided with another historic agreement reached in 2015 at the Paris climate conference COP21. With the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction signed in Japan in March 2015, these agreements offer a set of common standards and achievable targets for reducing CO2 emissions, managing the risks of climate change and natural disasters, and improving post-crisis construction. In 2017, the United Nations established the Inter-Institutional Task Force on Financing for Development (UN IATF on FfD), which called for a public dialogue. [86] The top five sources of development finance were estimated in 2018: new public debts in real terms in OECD countries, military spending, official increase in public debt in OECD countries, shipments of expatriates to developing countries, official development assistance (ODA). [83] The annual reports on the SDGs provide an overview of global implementation efforts and show progress and new actions to be taken. They are prepared by the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, in collaboration with international and regional organizations and the United Nations system of organization, funds and programmes. Several national statisticians, experts from civil society and the scientific community also contribute to these reports. In 2020, the representation of women in the individual or lower chambers of the National Parliament reached 25%, up from 22% in 2015.

[6] Women now have better access to decision-making positions at the local level and hold 36% of the seats elected on local advisory councils, based on data from 133 countries and territories. While female genital mutilation and cuts (FGM/C) are increasingly rare, at least 200 million girls and women are exposed to it. [24] [6] 193 governments, including the United States, have ratified the SDGs. However, the United Nations reported minimal progress after three years in the 15-year timetable for this project. Funding remains tight at $1 trillion. The United States is last among the G20 countries to achieve these sustainable development goals and 36th in the world. [154] On the other hand, almost all the parties involved in the SDG development negotiations agreed that the high number of 17 targets was justified by the fact that the agenda they discussed was global. [Citation required] The SDGs have been criticised for their inability to protect biodiversity. They could inadvertently promote environmental degradation in the name of sustainable development. [131] The 17 SDGs are: (1) No Poverty, (2) Zero Hunger, (3) Good Health and Well-being, (4) Quality Training, (5) Gender Equality, (6) Clean Water and Sanitation, (7) Affordable and Clean Energy, (8) Decent Work and Economic Growth, (9) Industry, innovation and infrastructure, (10) reducing inequality, (11) sustainable cities and communities, (12) responsible consumption and production, (13) climate protection, (14) living underwater, (15) Life on land, (16) peace, justice and strong institutions, (17) partnerships for goals.